Valdštejn Castle Leave mhinduro

Valdstein (Waldstein) inoparadza munharaunda yeSemily pedyo neT Turnov, muBohemian Paradhiso. Nzvimbo yeimba ye Lords of Valdštejn inobva kuhafu yepiri ye13. zana remakore. Icho ndechimwe chetsuwa dzekare kudunhu iri.

Nhare iyi yakavaka imwe yematavi emhuri yeMarvartic mumakore 1260 kusvika ku1280. Yakanga zvichida kubva Jaroslav Hruštice kana mwanakomana wake Zdenek Wallenstein akazova dzokugara mhuri dzavo, maererano zvavakanga nezvizvarwa zvavo vakashandisa Predicate madzishe Wallenstein. Vane zita rinonzi Wallenstein.

Jaroslav kubva Hruštice (Hruštice nhare yaiva Turnova) pakutanga akashandisa zita Jaroslav Lemberka nekuti aiva nhengo yemhuri LEMBERK, wechitatu mwanakomana Havel pakati Lemberk. Havel pamusoro Lemberk wakabva Markvartic uyo akakunda kuchamhembe muBohemia, nzvimbo huru rubatsiro Pfemyslids. Jaroslav mai rakanga Zdislava pamusoro Lemberk, somusande muna 1995.

Wallenstein yakagara 100 kwemakore. Somuenzaniso. Ndinoziva Zdeněk pamusoro Wallenstein, mumwe Jinda waMambo John pamusoro Luxemburg, Hynek pamusoro Wallenstein, uyo muna 1336 vaiitawo muuto nzendo kupinda Lithuania Czech King uye John of Wallenstein, uyo akapa 1500 groschens Margrave Charles, gare gare Mambo Charles IV.

Pakuguma kwe14. remakore Mansion akahwina nhangemutange Vartenberks zvaiva kuna Markvartic. With Henry Wartenberg akasarudza kugadzirisa zvikwereti zvavo Hussite mutungamiri Jan Zizka pamusoro Trocnov, uyo 1424 chitubu akauya nehondo kuna Turnovo, akakunda naye, ratidza chokwadi yemamongi kwayo uye vakakunda Wallenstein. Ipapo akavaudza kuti Mr. Valečov, shamwari yake, uyo muna 1427 asungirwa Prince Sigismund Korybutovič, kukwikwidza chigaro choumambo. In 1431 ndomumwe mutsigiri Hussites Castle Ramesh kurambana kubva Stakory (saka Hradek).

Mumakore 1438-1439 Castle (uye misha pedyo Kavčiny) vakabata zvikwata amakororo uye saka zvose 1440 akakunda dzematunhu mari. Kudzora varidzi vakaramba. Ivo vakagara pano Šofové pamusoro Helfenburk kubva 1514 Smiřičtí pamusoro Smiřic. Pakazosvika gore re1550 nhare yakagara mumoto.

Pakuguma kwe17. munamati remakore vakagara mumatongo Vaclav Holan Rovenský akatanga pano uye kuona Mapilgrim siyana. Varidzi veko wemunda Wallenstein (varidzi makore 1620-1821) uye pashure pavo Aehrenthalové (1821-1945) akavaka kubva matongo kudanana outorwa. In 1713 chakakonzerwa namaneja ibwe matanho 1722 aiva wokutanga chivanze akavaka chapel. ipapo John pamusoro Nepomuk uye nokukurumidza pashure vanoverengeka mifananidzo 1817 aiva St. Chapel. Johane mubhapatidzi. Pa 1836, suwo rekupinda rakagadzirwa seri kwebhiriji rebwe, rakagadzirwa nemifananidzo yakawanda.

Imhuri yeCihulkov yaiva neresitorendi muimba yakabva ku1923 kusvika ku1949. Zvadaro yakaiswa muboka reSokol. Kubva Hondo Yenyika II, gomo rekumakomo.

Iyo kuparadzwa kunosvika kune imwe netsoka kune chikwangwani chine ruvara uye chitsvuku, motokari iri pedyo inenge ine 1 km kure. Kubvira ku Turnov, munzvimbo yeMaastv pedyo neTerov, nhare iyi iri kure ne3 km jjv. nhungamiro. Kuratidzwa kunogona kuitika mumwedzi yegore, nemari yekupinda. Iyo kuparadzwa pachayo ndeye 389 mamita, kukwirira kuri 90 mamita. Nzvimbo yakachengeterwa Hruboskalsko iri kumaodzanyemba kwakadziva kumabvazuva kweimba.

Kufarira

  • Hrad se némecky nazýval Waldenstein, českém překladu tedy Masango ibwe.
  • Obraz světce v kapličce je možná jedinou existující podobiznou Karla Hynka Máchy. Munyori we 1836 mufananidzo ndiye Frantisek Mašek (Maschek, 1790-1862).
  • Na Valdštejně složil skladatel Josef Bohuslav Foerster oratorium Sv. Václav a Fifth Symphony.
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